ASIAN JOURNAL OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE STUDIES
VOLUME 3, DECEMBER 2015
This third volume of the Asian Journal of English Language Studies (AJELS) is an interesting blend of studies done on various aspects of language education and applied linguistics – mother-tongue-based multilingual education (MTB-MLE), second language acquisition (SLA), Philippine English (PhE), communication apprehension (CA), and discourse analysis (DA).
The first two articles take us beyond Philippine shores: the first to a Vietnamese university in Ho Chi Minh City that involved 193 freshman and sophomore students, male and female, majoring in English, Psychology, and Sociology and their attitudes and motivation toward English as a Foreign Language (EFL) as well as their language learning strategies. Vu Thi Ngoc Lan and Rochelle Irene Lucas describe how Vietnamese EFL college students appear to be instrumentally and integratively motivated to learn English, the positive attitude they have in learning the language as well as the significant and positive correlation between learning strategies and attitudes, and language learning strategies and motivation. The study highlights the result that the more positive the attitude and motivation of Vietnamese EFL students, the better language learning strategies they employ.
The second article, “Idioms across languages, and implications for ESL in Mother-tongue-based Multilingual Education contexts,” by James McLellan takes us to a university in Brunei that employed undergraduate students who responded in a survey of idiom awareness to complement the corpus analysis drawn from three textual corpora to address issues of idiomatic competence and creative and unilateral idiomaticity: formal speeches of Southeast Asians’ meeting at regional conferences convened by ASEAN or SEAMEO, business speeches delivered by New Zealanders to other New Zealanders, and research articles published recently in the Journal of Asia TEFL and the EIL Journal. As part of the results, the paper considers the affordances of consciousness-raising by comparing English idiomatic expressions with those present in Southeast Asian languages, including local vernaculars.
The third article, set in Philippine context, is a welcome addition to the body of corpus on Philippine English by Alejandro S. Bernardo and Marilu Rañosa-Madrunio. While many studies have been conducted on PhE, research conducted on developing a model for teaching English grammar that is Philippine English-based, remains somewhat wanting. With this paper, it is hoped that the teaching of English grammar in the Philippines will take a different paradigm with instances of structural nativization of grammar as evidenced by the lessons used in Philippine English textbooks.
The paper is followed by a study conducted by Pia Patricia P. Tenedero in collaboration with her undergraduate students. Set in a Philippine university, the research compares the communication apprehension levels of at least 242 business students enrolled in two different programs: Accountancy and Hotel and Restaurant Management. The results revealed that Accountancy students scored a slightly higher but insignificant overall communication apprehension than HRM students and that the scores of the groups of students did not vary significantly in terms of the four communication contexts – interview, presentation, conversation, and group discussion.
Tackling a different topic is the article written by Christie Elise C. Cruz and Alejandro S. Bernardo. Anchored on the frameworks of Wood and Goodnight (1996); Froemling, Grice, and Skinner (2011); and German, Gronbeck, Ehninger, and Monroe (2010), 58 privilege speech transcripts from 12 Filipino senators were examined in terms of their structure, reasoning, and persuasive strategies. The results showed that Filipino senators favor structuring their speeches by presenting the issue, proposing a solution, and appealing for action and that a combination of logical and emotional appeal help them establish, maintain, and raise their credibility.
Finally, the paper by Rey John Castro Villanueva brings us back to the classroom setting through the analysis of structural features of English lexical bundles in Philippine academic essays. Using the structural categories developed by Biber et al. (1999), the study investigated the grammatical characteristics of three- and four-word English lexical bundle in a 100,000-word corpus produced by college students. The results revealed the obscure and unsophisticated use of lexical bundles of Filipino college sudents because they seemed to have insufficient knowledge of these language units. Thus, the paper suggests that the students should familiarize themselves with these English lexical bundles, for these word combinations serve as basic elements or building blocks for their written outputs.
The articles in this volume show the dynamism of the English language in the academic and political settings and how English has changed over time. It is hoped that new insights would be gained from these papers as too many developments happen in this field in a short period of time.
I wish to thank all those who contributed to this third volume of AJELS. I am also grateful to the Board of Editorial Consultants/Reviewers who found time to review the articles despite their hectic schedules to address the needs of AJELS. In particular, I extend my gratitude to Dr. Loy Lising of the University of Sydney, Australia; Dr. Arianne Macalinga Borlongan of Tokyo University of Foreign Studies, Tokyo, Japan; Dr. Lee Kooi Cheng of the National University of Singapore, Professor Dr. Maya Khemlani David of the University of Malaya; Dr. Priscilla Tan Cruz of the Ateneo de Manila University; Dr. Christopher Conlan formerly of Curtin University, Australia; and Dr. Isabel Pefianco-Martin of the Ateneo de Manila University. Without your kind assistance, AJELS Volume 3 would have not come out on time.
MARILU RAÑOSA MADRUNIO, Ph.D.
Editor, Asian Journal of English Language Studies
The role of attitude, motivation, and language learning strategies in learning English as a Foreign Language among Vietnamese college students in Ho Chi Minh City (pp. 1-26)
This paper investigates the role of attitudes (positive and negative attitude), motivation (instrumental and integrative motivation), and language learning strategies (direct and indirect strategies) in learning English as a Foreign Language (EFL) among Vietnamese college students. The study involved 193 male and female freshman and sophomore college students majoring in English, Psychology, and Sociology in a university in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. The study employed a mixed-method research design, namely quantitative and qualitative. The former consists of a survey design, which involved administering two different survey questionnaires: Attitude/Motivation Test Battery (AMTB) developed by Gardner (1995) to measure the attitudes…
Idioms across languages, and implications for ESL in Mother-tongue-based Multilingual Education contexts (pp. 27-41)
In the heat generated by recent burning controversies over ‘English as a Lingua Franca’ (ELF) and its junior sibling ‘Asian Lingua Franca English’ (ALFE), one issue has repeatedly raised its head: that of access by second-language users of English to the idiomatic expressions which are thought to be the exclusive property of first-language or ‘inner-circle’ users. This article draws on three textual corpora to address issues of idiomatic competence, creative and unilateral idiomaticity. The first corpus is the output of Southeast Asians who meet at regional gatherings such as those convened by ASEAN or SEAMEO, where English is the language…
A framework for designing a Philippine-English-based pedagogic model for teaching English grammar (pp. 42-71)
This paper provides a framework for designing a local-variety-based pedagogic model for teaching English grammar and a specific case in which the framework may be applied—something that is missing in the literature as far as teaching English grammar endonormatively is concerned. Put more succinctly, this paper endeavors to offer a general blueprint for designing a Philippine-English-based pedagogic model for teaching grammar. While World Englishes (WE) and Philippine English (PhE) studies provide sound ideological and philosophical positions and propose the advancement of local varieties to a formal pedagogical agenda, it appears that literature on the actual or physical design of an…
Are future Philippine business professionals afraid to speak? A communication apprehension profile of accountancy and tourism majors (pp. 72-89)
Several research highlight communication apprehension (CA) among business students, but no known studies have validated this situation in the Philippines. Thus, this study compares and analyzes the communication apprehension levels of Accountancy and Hotel and Restaurant Management (HRM) students from a top Philippine university. McCroskey’s Personal Report of Communication Apprehension (PRCA-24) was used to gather data from 242 final-year business students (166 Accountancy, 76 HRM). The results show that Accountancy students scored a slightly higher albeit insignificant overall CA level. The scores of the two cohorts in the four common communication contexts (i.e., interview, presentation, conversation, and group discussion) also…
Organization, reasoning, and persuasive communication strategies in privilege speeches of Filipino senators (pp. 90-108)
Persuasive privilege speeches are heavily relied upon by Filipino senators in dealing with their constituents and fellow politicians. Through a privilege speech, Filipino senators promote their advocacies, defend their work and reputation, and generally attempt to influence their listeners. However, despite the central and highly public role that privilege speeches play in the Philippine sociopolitical arena, no study has, thus, far attempted to scrutinize the structure, reasoning, and persuasive strategies present until this paper. This study, therefore, used the theories by Wood and Goodnight (1996); Froemling, Grice, and Skinner (2011); and German, Gronbeck, Ehninger, and Monroe (2010) to examine 58…
The structural features of English lexical bundles in academic essays written by Filipino college students (pp. 109-120)
Lexical bundles are part of any writing production. As these recurrent word combinations appear in various written outputs, many linguists, students, and researchers have become interested in exploring such linguistic expressions. However, most of them who examined the features of lexical bundles used computer corpora collected from native speakers of English. Therefore, little is known about lexical bundles produced by nonnative users of English, particularly the Filipinos who use English as their second language in government, business, religion, and education domains. Using the structural categories developed by Biber et al. (1999), this study examined the grammatical characteristics of three- and…