ASIAN JOURNAL OF ENGLISH LANGUAGE STUDIES
VOLUME 8, DECEMBER 2020
The Asian Journal of English Language Studies (AJELS) is proud to complete its Volume 8, December 2020 edition. Since 2013, the journal has remained committed in contributing to the academic discourse surrounding the dynamic and shifting nature of the English language and in encouraging relevant discussions of issues on languages by publishing articles by local and international scholars. Modesty aside, the online journal has been successful in terms of its relatively steady increase in readership, article submissions, and citations to its published articles. With respect to quality, the journal has been keen in its attempt to build its reputation and broaden its visibility in the academic community; and to attain such, the editorial board regularly evaluates the publication process to guarantee efficiency and gratifying experience for both authors and editorial staff. One of the journal’s strengths is its roster of 28 outstanding academics from reputable institutions around the globe who serve as peer reviewers. Just recently, Dr. James F. D’Angelo of Chukyo University, Nagoya, Japan, has joined AJELS. All these achievements have become possible because of the support and diligence of our international advisory board, the hard work of the editorial staff, and the interest of our readers, and we fervently hope that these sustained collaboration and support continue for several years to come.
Volume 8 features ten articles that deal with different areas and topics in applied linguistics such as varieties of English, code-switching, discourse analysis, sociolinguistics and transnational identities, forensic linguistics, vocabulary acquisition strategies, and language and gender.
The first and second research articles explore issues on the accentedness of English based on ‘nonnative’ speakers’ perspective. Henelsie B. Mendoza’s study deals with an analysis of language stereotypes attached by Filipino ESL (English as a second language) learners to different Philippine lectal groups (i.e., basilect, mesolect, and acrolect). Through the use of a Matched Guise Test (MGT) and follow-up interviews, she found that specific language stereotypes are strongly linked to different lectal groups. The student-participants in the study were more inclined to consider the acrolect variety as the prescribed accent in evaluating other speakers of English. In his paper “The accentedness of English as an additional language (EAL): A nonnative speaker’s perspective,” Paul Lochland, using an online survey, asked 100 EAL users to judge the accentedness of Japanese English, French English, Mandarin English, and German English in terms of tone, syllable, mora, and stress. Interestingly, the findings indicated that ‘nonnative’ speakers (NNS) do not find their own accent to be weaker than other varieties of EAL accents.
The third paper by John Mark A. Masagnay examines code-switching (CS) in 40 hugot lines from five Philippine movies in terms of syntactic structures, conversational functions, and motivations. The findings revealed that intrasentential CS was commonly employed, specifically nouns and noun phrases at the word and phrase levels, respectively. Personalization was the most prevalent conversational function to denote the closer distance between speakers and addressees and to maintain a less formal discourse. As regards motivations for CS, language economy was common in order to clearly convey feelings or emotions and opinions through hugot lines.
Utilizing Halliday’s (1985) transitivity system model, Japhet E. Manzano and Zachi Einna R. Orquijo analyzed the transitivity processes in the inaugural speeches of Philippine presidents from 1899 to 2016. The results indicated that all processes (mainly material, relational, and mental) were evident in the speeches, while the semantic aspect of the diachronic inquiry revealed a significant variation of themes. The paper claims that transitivity processes are essential in the inaugural speeches in persuading and informing the public regarding the Filipino presidents’ political commitments and ideologies.
Navigating the interface between sociolinguistics and transnational identities, the fifth research article “The negotiation of transnational identities and being a ‘nonnative’ English-speaking teacher abroad” by Simon J. Perry puts forward the notion that repertoires of language can exert power and seek equality in social and professional contexts.
In their study within the area of forensic linguistics, Raquel R. Jimenez and Rachelle Ballesteros-Lintao investigated interpreting norms utilized in selected Philippine courtrooms. Through a qualitative analysis of 11 audio-recordings of court proceedings, it was found that court interpreters in the selected court trials adhere to the norms of accuracy, impartiality, competence, professional conduct, and professional relationships. The study recommends the formulation of court-interpreting policies and guidelines upon which court interpreters can based their actions and decisions.
The seventh article, an action research report by Verónica Herrera Caldas, Erzsébet Ágnes Békés, and Carmen Maricela Cajamarca Illescas, describes the vocabulary acquisition strategies of a team of English language teachers and students from an Ecuadorian university who participated in an international online vocabulary learning tournament using a digital flashcard web application called WordEngine. The teacher-researchers claim that in the global ‘new reality,’ computer-assisted language learning (CALL) methods, which include web-based applications, can be used as an alternative strategy in remote learning, especially in the area of vocabulary development.
In the article “’What’s in my medicine?’: Evaluating the readability and comprehensibility of patient information leaflets of selected Philippine nonprescription drugs,” Anthony Lemuell S. Cabañas and Marilu Rañosa-Madrunio found that the patient information leaflets (PILs) under study were more academic-oriented rather than spoken-like, thereby requiring high-skilled reading. Further, a user-testing of these PILs revealed that only less than half of the participants demonstrated an independent level of understanding of the leaflets. Likewise, based on difficulty index, most of the analyzed PILs contain texts with high difficulty, and this raises concerns over the materials’ suitability for nonspecialist readers.
The ninth paper by Gefilloyd L. De Castro compared the semantic features and idiomatic status of selected same-verb different-particle phrasal verbs (PhVs) in Philippine English (PhE) and described their syntactic features by employing the Philippine component of the International Corpus of English (ICE-PHI) and the Global Web-based English Corpus (GloWbE) Philippines. The study revealed evidence showing the interchange of particle/preposition for the same verb, and a new meaning for two PhVs has been found. This interchanging of particle/preposition may be described as an emerging feature of PhE.
The last paper by Aries John G. Enardecido analyzes different linguistic expressions that are ideologically and indexically used by self-identified bisexual members of PlanetRomeo, a gay-dating website. The analysis of findings indicated an emerging subcultural lingo, which is characterized by word connotations, echoic binomials, and negations. The researcher argues that through language use, bisexual men can occupy attractive and marketable identities; however, these linguistic constructions of desired and desirable identities can also lead to the marginalization and disenfranchisement of other identities.
As always, I am grateful to the steadfast international advisory board, especially to the following scholars who served as peer reviewers for this volume: Dr. Catherine M.B. Young of Summer Institute of Linguistics-International; Dr. Lee Kooi Cheng of National University of Singapore, Singapore; Dr. Christopher Conlan (formerly) of Curtin University, Perth, Australia; Dr. Francisco Perlas Dumanig of University of Hawaii at Hilo, Hawaii, USA; Dr. Xinghua Liu of Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China; Dr. Michael Tanangkingsing of National Taipei University of Technology, Taipei, Taiwan; Dr. Supong Tangkiengsirisin of Thammasat University, Bangkok, Thailand; Dr. Carolyn D. Castro of Montgomery College, Maryland, USA; Dr. Aiden C. Yeh of Wenzao Ursuline University of Languages, Kaohsiung, Taiwan; Dr. R. Dian Dia-an Muniroh of Universitas Pendidikan Indonesia, Bandung, Indonesia; Dr. Isabel Picornell of Aston University and QED Limited, United Kingdom; Dr. Eva Ng Nga Shan of The University of Hong Kong, Pokfulam, Hong Kong; Dr. Shaomin Zhang of Guangdong University of Foreign Studies, Guangzhou, China; Mark B. Ulla of Walailak University, Nakhon Si Thammarat, Thailand; Dr. James McLellan of Universiti Brunei Darussalam, Brunei; Dr. Willy A. Renandya of Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore; Dr. Aurelio P. Vilbar of the University of the Philippines-Cebu; Nicanor L. Guinto of Southern Luzon State University, Quezon, the Philippines; Jesus Federico S. Hernandez of the University of the Philippines-Diliman; Dr. Remedios Z. Miciano (formerly) of De La Salle University, Manila, the Philippines; and Dr. Shirley N. Dita of De La Salle University, Manila.
On a final note, as the outgoing editor-in-chief (EIC) and member of the editorial board, I send my best wishes to the next EIC, Assoc. Prof. Alejandro S. Bernardo, Ph.D., and the rest of the board members. Since 2013, the editorial staff has dedicated itself to improving AJELS and upholding its tradition of academic excellence. I hope that the editorial board will strive more to honor the efforts for the past eight years and continue in its quest for academic scholarship and quality publication of language research.
VERONICO N. TARRAYO, Ph.D.
Editor-in-Chief, Asian Journal of English Language Studies
An investigation of Filipino ESL learners’ language stereotypes toward Philippine lectal speakers using a Matched Guise Test (pp. 1-21)
With the widespread use of English all over the world, more language varieties have been observed and documented (Smith & Nelson, 2006) yielding to differing preferences, perceptions, and attitudes toward varieties and subvarieties. While some varieties have homogenizing effects where speakers make the language their own, others who seek to follow the prescribed sound may want to neutralize the accent of other speakers, especially in highly stratified societies where interlocutors attach different attitudes toward language varieties. Although these effects may be seen in most social interactions, more evidence are needed to determine if people’s attitude toward different lectal groups influence…
The accentedness of English as an additional language (EAL): A nonnative speaker’s perspective (pp. 23-56)
The perception of foreign speech is a complicated process from acoustic and visual cues as well as the attitudes we have towards linguistic variation. We also make judgments about the speech of others, such as accentedness. While most research to date has investigated the accentedness of English as an additional language (EAL) from a native speaker’s (NS) perspective, relatively few studies have considered what EAL users think. Therefore, this study asked 100 EAL users to judge the accentedness of Japanese English, French English, Mandarin English, and German English. Using an online survey, this paper investigated the accentedness rating EAL users…
Code-switching in hugot lines in Philippine movies (pp. 57-82)
Hugot lines have become popular among Filipinos nowadays. Cabajar (2016) claims that these lines have emerged because Filipinos are imaginative in playing with language in different forms as evident on how they would include humor in constructing these lines to catch audience’s attention. Azores (2017) defined hugot as ‘pulling out’ and expressing deepest emotions such as happiness, sadness, bitterness, and the like toward something or someone. Given the paucity of studies conducted on this particular genre, this study explored hugot lines in relation to the concept of code-switching (CS) through analyzing their syntactic structures, conversational functions, and motivations. A total…
Political commitments and ideologies: A diachronic transitivity analysis of Philippine presidents’ inaugural speeches (pp. 83-109)
This study analyzes the transitivity processes in the inaugural speeches of Filipino presidents from 1899 to 2016. Using Halliday’s (1985) transitivity system model, this study aims to examine what process types are present in the inaugural speeches of these Filipino presidents, how these inaugural speeches differ in a diachronic scale, and how these processes are employed in the corpus. Findings revealed that all processes were evident in the inaugural speeches of the Filipino presidents, while the semantic aspect of the diachronic inquiry presented a significant variation of themes. It was further revealed that among these process types, the material process…
The negotiation of transnational identities and being a ‘nonnative’ English-speaking teacher abroad (pp. 111-126)
This paper examines transnational identity and the uses of language repertoires through a study of a ‘nonnative’ English language teacher named Jason, who originates from the Philippines. Through a narrative-interview study, I analyse how Jason relates to a professional, social, and national identity and how, through his transnational circumstances, he can negotiate these identities in different social contexts. My participant detailed how his use of language repertoires and accents in varying social and professional contexts enabled him to adapt to his surroundings and aspire to achieve professional and economic success. The shift to mobility within sociolinguistics is essential to the…
A norm-based analysis of court interpretation in selected Philippine criminal cases (pp. 127-158)
Language and law are considered to be inseparable since language is needed to frame and understand the law. In the Philippines, English is widely used in the legal domain; hence, it is the language employed in court trials. To accommodate court participants who speak languages other than English to actively take part in court proceedings, the court recognizes the value of court interpreting. Court interpreting is perceived to promote successful communication among court participants who speak languages other than the court’s official language. It helps the judges and jury in courts of law to ensure that a message is accurately…
Effective vocabulary acquisition strategies employed by Ecuadorian teachers and students: A cooperative experience using a flashcard web application (pp. 159-188)
The present Action Research report describes the vocabulary acquisition strategies of a team of English language teachers and students at an Ecuadorian university. They took part in an international online vocabulary learning tournament using a digital flashcard web application called WordEngine. During the four-week competition, the team employed a range of discovery and consolidation strategies for vocabulary acquisition. Quantitative data were collected by an adapted survey based on Schmitt’s (1997) taxonomy, while qualitative data were gathered from interviews conducted with the teachers. The quantitative data related to vocabulary development were supplied by the tournament organizers and are based on the…
“What’s in my medicine?”: Evaluating the readability and comprehensibility of patient information leaflets of selected Philippine nonprescription drugs (pp. 189-219)
In the absence of a medical professional, patient information leaflets (PILs) serve as consumers’ source of legitimate information about what a medical drug contains, what risks are involved in taking it, and how it should be safely administered and handled. More than just being a reference material, PILs guide consumers to make informed healthcare decisions for themselves. Hence, PILs become problematic when they defeat their purpose of delivering comprehensive information and become a source of confusion to consumers. Guided by the user-based tripartite model of communicative effectiveness (Garner et al., 2012), this paper evaluated the readability and comprehensibility of existing…
Same-verb different-particle phrasal verbs in Philippine English (pp. 221-240)
English preposition is one of the hardest features to learn and master, especially by ‘nonnative’ speakers of the English language; hence, several Filipinos tend to interchange particle/preposition in phrasal verbs (PhVs) (e.g., fill up and fill out). As such, this study aimed to compare the semantic features and idiomatic status of selected same-verb different-particle PhVs, and describe their syntactic features utilizing the Philippine component of the International Corpus of English (ICE-PHI) and the Global Web-based English Corpus (GloWbE) Philippines. This study revealed evidence that clearly shows the interchange of particle/preposition for the same verb. A new meaning has been found…
‘No to halata, astig to astig only’: The emerging bisexual lingo and the (un)marketable identities on PlanetRomeo (pp. 241-279)
This study critically analyzes different linguistic expressions that are ideologically and indexically used by self-identified bisexual members of PlanetRomeo, a gay-dating website. Using lexico-grammatical analysis and selective self-presentation as lens, the study examines the textual areas of 167 online dating profiles of Filipino bisexual men. Findings indicated an emerging subcultural lingo, which is characterized by word connotations, echoic binomials, and negations. Moreover, the study offers insights into the identity-construction efforts of bisexual men through their language use, which allow them to occupy attractive and marketable identities in the contemporary period. More importantly, it sheds light on how these men’s linguistic…